This minimally invasive procedure is used for the removal of kidney cancer or for the removal of a non-functioning kidney. Rather than making a large 10-15 centimeter incision, 3-4 small incisions (measuring from 0.5-1.2 centimeters) are made for removing the entire kidney. Using an enlarged incision or a separate “cesarean section-like” incision, the kidney can be removed intact. The length of the hospital stay is 1 to 2 nights and the overall period of recovery is 2 to 4 weeks rather than 4 to 6 weeks for open surgical removal of the kidney. Most, but not all, patients are candidates for a laparoscopic nephrectomy. We therefore provide our patients with an individualized evaluation and consultation.