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Intravesical BCG

BCG stands for Bacillus Calmette-Guérin which is an attenuated (weakened) tuberculosis bacillus that was originally used as a vaccine against tuberculosis.

Indications
BCG is useful in treating bladder cancer and is often indicated for patients who have recurrent or aggressive tumors.

Procedure
BCG is instilled into the bladder as a solution. The treatment is done in the office and the fluid is put into the bladder via a temporary catheter. Patients should try to keep the solution inside their bladder for approximately 2 hours. Most BCG treatments are done once a week for a total of 6 weeks.

Expectations
Patients undergoing BCG treatment will often experience minor bladder irritation. Although unusual, a high fever is a very serious concern and patient’s should contact their urologists immediately or go to the emergency room.


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