BCG stands for Bacillus Calmette-Guérin which is an attenuated (weakened) tuberculosis bacillus that was originally used as a vaccine against tuberculosis.
BCG is useful in treating bladder cancer and is often indicated for patients who have recurrent or aggressive tumors.
BCG is instilled into the bladder as a solution. The treatment is done in the office and the fluid is put into the bladder via a temporary catheter. Patients should try to keep the solution inside their bladder for approximately 2 hours. Most BCG treatments are done once a week for a total of 6 weeks.
Patients undergoing BCG treatment will often experience minor bladder irritation. Although unusual, a high fever is a very serious concern and patient’s should contact their urologists immediately or go to the emergency room.